What is Tajweed?
The word “tajweed” implies “improvement” or “improvement.” The Tajweed of the Holy Qur’an is the understanding and application of recitation principles, such that the Qur’an is read in the manner in which the Prophet Mohammed, peace and blessings be upon him, recited it. Tajweed is derived from the Arabic word “Jawdah,” which meaning “quality.” Tajweed is a word that means “to improve” or “to make anything better.” Tajweed is a linguistic term that meaning “proficiency” or “doing something well.” When applied to the Qur’an, it entails assigning rights and obligations to each letter of the Qur’an. When we recite the Qur’an and follow the principles that apply to each letter in different situations, we are giving the letter its due and giving it its justice. When the Qur’an was revealed, Tajweed standards were used. To put it another way, when Allah’s words were recounted to Prophet Muhammad by the angel Jibrael (AS), he did it in a specific method and showed Prophet Muhammad (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam)
Refers to a set of linguistic and pronunciation norms utilized in reciting and reading the Quran in order to accurately pronounce Allah’s (SWT) words in the same way as the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did. Tajwid is one of the Quran’s and Islam’s most important sciences. It is a science regulated by deep-seated static norms inherited from the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) oral recitation of the Quran after receiving revelation from the Angel Gabriel (Peace be upon him). Tajweed, to put it another way, is the ability to keep one’s tongue from making a mistake while reciting Allah’s Almighty words. It could also be defined as assigning rights and dues of characteristics to each letter in the Qur’an based on the principles that apply to those letters in various contexts and articulation points.
You may also like to learn about the Arabic Language.
History of Tajweed
People did not need to study Tajweed at the time of the Prophet (SAW) because they spoke in what is now known as Tajweed, therefore it came naturally to them. When Arabs began interacting with non-Arabs as Islam spread, errors in Qur’an recitation began to arise, prompting academics to write down the guidelines. Even Arabs now have to study Tajweed since their everyday Arabic has changed so much from the Classical Arabic with which the Qur’an was given.
The Importance of Tajweed
To grasp the significance of Tajweed, keep in mind that reading the Holy Quran is unlike reading any other book. The physical, mental, and spiritual benefits of reading the Quran are unrivalled. Because this is a religious matter, it is our responsibility to recite the Quran accurately. As a result, learning Tajweed is Fard Kifayah for all Muslims, whether they are children or adults, male or female. Another reason for Tajwid’s importance is that it protects the Quran and the Arabic language from alteration throughout time. Muslims believed that because Arabs interacted with non-Arabs following the spread of Islam, the Arabic language, the language of the Quran, would be corrupted. As a result, it became necessary to follow the Tajweed guidelines in order to keep the Quran recitation free of faults and to assure the reader of the Quran’s pronunciation integrity. Furthermore, practicing Tajwid will assist you in not only mastering Quran recitation but also excelling in learning Arabic.
The purpose of Tajweed
The Qur’an is Allah’s speech, and every phrase in it comes from Him. The reciting of it must be regarded seriously. The goal of Tajweed is to improve the reciter’s ability to recite the Qur’an while adhering to the exact pronunciation of each letter as well as the rules and without exaggeration or deficiency, traits that apply to each letter. As a result, the reciter can recite the Qur’an in the Classical Arabic dialect that it came down in, on the path of the Prophet (pbuh), as he received it from Jibreel, who received it from Allah (SWT).
The Qur’an reciters will be accompanied by the honorable and dutiful angels. “Verily, the one who recites the Qur’an sweetly, effortlessly, and exactly, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels,” says ‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her. And whoever recites it with difficulty, stammering or faltering through its verses, will be rewarded TWICE as much.” [According to Al-Bukhari and Muslim]